Legend has it that the queen of Sheba lived here and that the ruined palace to be seen in the town today was built by the legendary queen.. Her son, Menelik I. fruit of her-sojourn with King Solomon, is also supposed to have been born here. Legend further elaborates that Menelik brought with him from Israel the Ark of the Covenant, which is now housed in aguarded sanctuary.
Axum is a holy city to Ethiopians, for it was to Axum that Christianity was brought in the 4th century in the region of King Izana, by Freminatus, who was letter consecrated Bishop of Axum by St. Athanasius, Patriarch of Alexandria. The great stone monoliths of Axum, called stelae, are awe-inspiring. The largest of them all, once standing 34 meters, now tying broken in the ground, - was the tallest standing monolith in the world.